Despite the fact that recommendations of accident investigations are crucial and written in blood, depending only on the past does not guarantee a safe world. Each Air Navigational Service Provider (ANSP) must have a proactive incident prevention effort. This fact can only be achieved by adopting the Safety Management System (SMS) concept. SMS provides organizations with a powerful framework of safety philosophy and methodologies that improve their ability to understand and manage proactive safety systems.
SMS adopts the reporting system, and there are several safety recommendations in both FAA and ICAO’s safety manuals that strongly urge ANSPs to establish a safety reporting system.
The intended use of reported information is supporting the enhancement of safety not blaming or reprimanding employees for committing mistakes. In short, unless insane, no one in the universe will wake up and go to work to make a mistake on purpose. Having such a safety culture encourages employees to report incidents without fear and increases employees’ perception and vigilance at the workplace.
SMS enables hazards to be identified and risks to be mitigated properly. In other words, the risk tolerably matrix accepts mitigation once it declares the level of As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP). Safety Assurance (SA) complements Safety Risk Management (SRM). Therefore, the SMS process shifts to the SA phase to give feedback on how SRM is performing, and so on, to ensure the optimum effectiveness of the SMS process.
The cost of proactive safety management, which does not depend on previous accident data, is incurred because incidents can be avoided. Direct costs may include compensations, injuries, property damage, and/or delays. Indirect costs may include legal action, reputation damage, loss of staff motivation, and/or investigations. The effects of safety hazards and associated risk reduction methods across ANSPs should be properly understood to achieve the highest standard level of safety. This can only be done through training and raising awareness.